The present territory of the village was probably settled in the 15th century by miners and prospectors, who penetrated upstream Úpa from the lower and longer inhabited areas. Velká Úpa was probably the first settled part of the village, Pec itself was settled a little later. Reports of mining activity and smelting of iron, arsenic and copper ore have been preserved from 1534. In 1771, when the first numbering of houses was introduced, one number series was established. In the 19th century, exactly in 1841, the village of Velká Úpa was divided into three parts, which in 1871 were transformed into three independent villages. From this year until the end of II. World War existed in the current territory of the village of Pec pod Snezkou independent villages - GrossAupa I (Great Upa I), GrossAupa II (Great Upa II) and GrossAupa III (Petzer, Pecr, Pec, Pec pod Snezkou). Until 1945, the existing cadastral area was Pec pod Sněžkou is an independent village with a name derived from its neighbors - “the third part of Velká Úpa”, GroßAupa III. The German name Pezter, which during the First Republic was Czechized at Pecr, is a bit questionable in its origin and until now unclear. Apparently it has a lot in common with furnaces for smelting ores, which were located in the village and then operated. Other versions, as the name Pezter originated are at least two, but their clarification would be for a longer debate. For the first time, the name Pezter (then in the form of the Petzergrund - Peck Mine) was recorded in mining documents from 1731, which were then written by Czechs working on ore smelting for Berthold Wilhelm Wallenstein. The Czech name of the furnace (Pec) was only Germanized on Petzer.
The furnace became a popular tourist center after the First World War and the original mining settlement was gradually transformed into a renowned tourist center. The construction of two sections of the Pec - Růžová hora - Sněžka funicular, which was carried out in 1948-50 and the subsequent construction of a system of ski lifts and ski slopes, were essential for the further development of the town.
The name “pod Sněžkou” was given the name of the village of Pec in 1948 to distinguish it from the village of the same name in Šumava (currently Nová Pec, district Prachatice). Shortly before, the village was called Pec in the Giant Mountains.
The reunification of the villages of Velká Úpa (its individual parts, Velká Úpa I and Velká Úpa II was merged as two separate villages in 1945) and Pec pod Sněžkou occurred in 1960.
The town of Pec pod Sněžkou is one of the most famous and most visited mountain tourist resorts in the Czech Republic with year-round use at an altitude of 750 m and has about 600 still living people. It is located in the valley of the Upa River, the Green and Meadow Creek, in the beautiful countryside between the surrounding peaks of Montenegro (1299 m), Jeleni Hill (1024 m), Fox Mountains (1363 m), Studnicke Mountains (1554 m) and Snezka. Border Mountain with Poland With its 1602 meters, Sněžka is the highest mountain in the Czech Republic.
Pec pod Sněžkou also includes the neighboring Velká Úpa, numerous mountain settlements and solitude extending high on the ridges. The whole area of the town is located in the Krkonoše National Park.
Pec pod Sněžkou is a natural center of the eastern part of the Giant Mountains with relatively good facilities and its own unique atmosphere that no tourist should miss.
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